"Phenomenology derives from the work of the German philosopher Edmund Husserl and is concerned with the nature of ‘pure phenomena’, that is to say, with the idea that objects do not exist independently as things in the world separate from our perception of them but are intimately linked to human consciousness. According to phenomenologists, human consciousness is not the passive recognition of material phenomena that are simply there, ‘given’, but a process of actively constituting or ‘intending’ those phenomena. Husserl argued that we cannot be certain of anything beyond our immediate experience and therefore have to ignore, or ‘put in brackets’, everything outside our perception or consciousness. He called this process ‘phenomenological reduction’ in the sense that we reduce the external world to consciousness alone. In short, the process of thinking about an object and the object itself are mutually dependent. As Terry Eagleton (1983) notes, this is all very abstract and unreal, but the idea behind phenomenology was, paradoxically, to get away from abstract philosophical speculation and get back to the analysis of things themselves in real concrete situations."
Jacques Lacan Sean Homer (Routledge Critical Thinkers)